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What's New? more
Cretan lute, constructed by Rapakousios Dimitris
Cretan lute, constructed by Rapakousios Dimitris
1,800.00 €
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Doksastiko Iakoboy Protopsaltoy
[Kentro ereunon kai ekdoseon]
29.00 €



Title: Mnimeia Ekklisiastikis Moysikis - Manolis K. Hatzigiakoymis
Doksastiko Iakoboy Protopsaltoy
(Synthesi 1794/1795)
Anthologies Ekti kai Ebdomi
Psallei o patir DIONYSIOS FIRFIRIS (1912 - 1990)
Protopsaltis Protatoy Ag. Oroys

To Doksastario toy Iakoboy protopsaltoy einai apo ta pio simantika moysika biblia toy teloys toy 18oy ai. kai olis genika tis Toyrkokratias. I melopoiisi toy stirizetai oysiastika stin asmatiki paradosi toy Stihirarioy toy Germanoy Neon Patron. Mesa sto genikotero ananeotiko klima tis epohis (1770-1820), ti rizospastiki drasi toy Petroy Peloponnisioy, ti megali horeia kainotomon melopoion kai metarrythmiston tis moysikis grafis (me kataliksi ti metarrythmisi toy 1814 kai tin ekdosi toy protoy moysikoy entypoy to 1820) kai, genikotera, tin katholoy ormi pros ta empros toy Neoy ellinismoy, to Doksastario toy Iakoboy steketai stoys antipodes tis anagennitikis aytis pnois, horis ostoso na paramenei stin oysia anepireasto.

Mesa stin katholiki ananeotiki pnoi tis deyteris megalis akmis (1770-1820) einai to mono moysiko biblio poy stoiheitai apokleistika shedon sta palaia protypa. Apo mian apopsi, steketai ston antipoda tis anakainistikis pnois ekfrazontas perissotero to pneyma tis syntiritikis anadiplosis ston horo toy Patriarheioy, alla kai toy idioy toy Iakoboy, o opoios, opos simeionei o Hrysanthos, "den ehaire toson eis neoterismoys" (Theoritiko, s. LI). Ostoso, epi tis oysias den emeine katholoy anepireasto apo ti genikoteri anagennitiki pnoi tis periodoy. Etsi paroysiazetai stin praksi employtismeno me polla neoterika stoiheia, opos oi syntmiseis, oi kallopismoi kai i hrisi syhna pollon neoteron theseon. Alla kai to olo synthetiko pneyma einai stin oysia neoteriko. O empneysmenos aytos syndyasmos palaioy kai neoy ylikoy edose apo tin proti stigmi sto Doksastario ton haraktira toy klasikoy. Me ta dedomena ayta mporese grigora na epiblithei stin praksi kai na proekteinei os tis imeres mas ena zontano, makraiono psaltiko idioma. Den einai epomenos katholoy tyhaio oti ehei apoklithei "stilbotron" tis kath imas ekklisiastikis moysikis, kathos ehei ananeosei kai eksoraisei drastika ena toso palaio kai eksairetika endiaferon moysiko yliko.

To Doksastario toy Iakoboy stin entypi morfi toy (A' kai B' tomos) periehei diakosia ebdominta ena (271) meli, sto synolo toys shedon doksastika (orismena einai stihira Idiomela, omos ta gvosta Idiomela ton Kyriakon tis M. Tessarakostis, stihira Prosomoia kai alla, ola kataloipa toy Palaioy Stihirarioy). Ta meli ayta einai katanemimena se oloys toys ihoys, me pyknotita omos poy poikillei entyposiaka.

I ermineia

I ermineia toy patros Dionysioy sto Doksastario toy Iakoboy ehei amesi shesi me ti megali psaltiki paradosi toy Stihirarioy sto Agion Oros. To Stihirario, apo ta palaiotera kai spoydaiotera moysika biblia, eihe megali diadosi kai, opos fainetai, idiaiteri protimisi ekei. Ta sozomena simera stis bibliothikes toy Agioy Oroys heirografa Stihiraria einai para polla. I megali ayti psaltiki paradosi toy Stihirarioy proodeytika (kyrios apo tis arhes toy 18oy ai. k.eks.) perioristhike apokleistika shedon sto Doksastario (biblio to opoio, opos eipothike, proilthe amesa apo to Stihirario me tin eklogi mono ton Doksastikon) kai, diamesoy kyrios toy Doksastarioy toy Iakoboy, efthase os tis imeres mas. Etsi, i arhaia paradosi sto eidos ayto, i opoia diatirithike os simera statheri (i moni oysiastika) sti basiki tis toylahiston diatyposi, ehei diagrapsei, me tis anagkaies "stohastikes" prosarmoges, trohia hilion peripoy hronon. Mesa sto istoriko ayto shima, i ermineia toy patros Dionysioy apokta monadiki simasia, kathos apotyponei lampra ti makraioni proforiki paradosi toy Stihirarioy, parapempontas taytohrona se palaia kai eksairetika evdiaferonta protypa. I simasia eksairetai akomi perissotero, giati einai o teleytaios istorikos stathmos mias tetoias ermineias. Gia polloys logoys i syghroni (kai polyarithmi) genia ton agioreiton psalton kai pateron einai ekso apo tin paradosi ayti. Horis yperboli, stin ihografimeni ermineia toy Doksastarioy toy Iakoboy apo ton patera Dionysio ehei "aihmalotisthei", gia to diarkes mellon, ena anektimito kommati tis megalis moysikis paradosis toy Ellinismoy.

O tropos aytos ermineias, o kata tin paradosi toy Stihirarioy, o opoios antapokrinetai anapofeykta kai stin oysia synthesis toy Doksastarioy, ehei polla kai spoydaia gnorismata. Ena proto einai i ektelesi kata tis moysikes fraseis kai kyrios, sti sygkekrimeni periptosi, i ektelesi kata tis synoles thematikes enotites. Me batheia gnosi toy paradosiakoy ylikoy, prosopiki fantasia kai antilipsi, apodidei tin ennoia kai tin atmosfaira tis moysikis enotitas, stin opoia eisagei syhna kai mono me to apihima i me to proanakroysma enos arhikoy fthoggoy. Apo tin empeiria ayti o sygkekrimenos ermineytikos tropos metaferetai kai se alla meli, opoy episimainetai synthesi kata thematikes enotites. Etsi, to stoiheio ayto ginetai genikotero haraktiristiko toy ermineytikoy idiomatos toy patros Dionysioy. Ena deytero gnorisma, spoydaiotero, einai o eidikos tropos ekforas toy rythmoy. Sti sygkekrimeni periptosi malista prepei na theorithei oti apotelei apokleistiko stoiheio tis proforikis ermineytikis paradosis toy Stihirarioy - Doksastarioy sto Ag. Oros. O rythmos edo einai to kyriarho dedomeno. S' ayton ypotassontai dynamika o aplos hronos, oi moysikes fraseis, i ekfora ton poiotikon haraktiron, ola ta poikilmata. Apo mian apopsi, prepei mallon na theorithei poly pithano oti i ermineia toy patros Dionysioy sto Doksastario toy Iakoboy emperiehei ektelestika kataloipa tis palaias Heironomias. Diaforetika den mporei eykola na eksigithei o idiotypos rythmikos kymatismos kai o oionei meteorismos toy ihoy. I paratirisi apokta kefalaiodi simasia gia tin istoria tis moysikis. Alloste to Ag. Oros einai o kateksohin ideodis topos opoy tha mporoyse na diatirithei zontani os simera mia tetoia arhaia paradosi. Edo prepei na prostethei kai i idiotypia tis epimeroys hronikis agogis, sygkekrimena i ishyri ekfora tis thesis, me perissoteri analosi hronoy ap' oti gia tin arsi. I eidiki ayti ekfonisi toy hronoy apotelei pantos, opos kai sto stoiheio (1), haraktiristiko toy ermineytikoy idiomatos toy patros Dionysioy kai, eyrytera, tis proforikis ermineytikis paradosis (episimainetai kai se alloys aythentikoys psaltes, ston mitropoliti Nikodimo Ballindra kai ston Agioreiti monaho Antipa). Pera apo ta proigoymena, kairia kai genika, gnorismata, simeionontai kai orismena alla, perissotero idioprosopa ayta: i aparamilli ekfrastiki dynami, i biomeni batheia pneymatikotita, i entoni psyhiki metheksi. Ta stoiheia ayta briskoyn tin apolyti ekfrasi toys stis ermineies olon ton doksastikon toy Iakoboy. Ostooo, se polla (opos sta perissotera poy anthologoyntai edo) i makrohroni (kai makraioni) leitoyrgiki hrisi ston eortologiko kyklo toy Ag. Oroys ehei odigisei ta stoiheia ayta se akmaia koryfosi. Fysiko, afoy ta epsalle pantoy dia bioy (epi 60 oloklira hronia, opos o idios elege) stis Panigyreis ton Kelion kai ton Monastirion mesa se atmosfaira syllogikis eyfrosynis kai katanyksis. Apo tin apopsi ayti, oi ermineies toy patros Dionysioy katagrafoyn ohi mono to prosopiko, alla kai to syllogiko latreytiko bioma.

Me tis episimanseis aytes skiagrafeitai aplos i megali simasia tis ermineias toy Doksastarioy toy Iakoboy apo ton patera Dionysio. Opos ehei idi tonisthei, i ermineia ayti prepei va theorithei megisto gegonos, epistimoniko kai pneymatiko (kai megisto eytyhima i katagrafi tis, esto kai sti dysi tis zois toy). To epiteygma toy patros Dionysioy edo einai diplo: apo ti mia, anadeiknyei tin psaltiki se megali tehni, didaskontas taytohrona ti simainei alithini kai gnisia ermineiaĚ apo tin alli, deihnei poso oysiastiki kai zosa mporei na einai i kallitehniki pragmatikotita, kai malista se tomeis poy eksakoloythoyn na paramenoyn ypotimimenoi kai, gia toys polloys, teleios agnostoi.

MANOLIS K. HATZIGIAKOYMIS

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